In the realm of carbonaceous materials, biochar and charcoal are often used interchangeably, yet they represent distinct products with unique properties and applications. While both are derived from the pyrolysis of organic biomass, they serve different purposes and exhibit varying characteristics. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the connection and difference between biochar and charcoal, shedding light on their production processes, properties, and practical uses.
Understanding Biochar and Charcoal Production
Biochar Production Process
Biochar production equipment utilizes a process known as pyrolysis to convert organic biomass, such as wood chips, agricultural residues, or crop waste, into biochar. During pyrolysis, biomass is heated to temperatures ranging from 300 to 800 degrees Celsius in the absence of oxygen, causing it to decompose into volatile gases, liquid bio-oil, and solid biochar. The resulting biochar is a highly porous, carbon-rich material that retains many of the original properties of the biomass feedstock.